How the National Crime Records Bureau under-reports crime against women

The Chandigarh stalking case has returned the focus on crime against women. For assessing the crime situation in India, most people rely on the database maintained by the National Crime Records Bureau. But is this database relevant when assessing crime against woman?

Human right activists, researchers, lawyers and even senior police officials express concern over the methodology used by the bureau.

For one, it is a fact that, for a wide range of reasons, many women do not even get to a police station to record the crime against them. Reporting is the first step in recording crime. Once the complainant reports the crime, the police are required to file a First Information Report on the basis of her statement. The FIR is then analysed and details entered into police’s crime database. This data is periodically submitted to the National Crime Records Bureau.

Principal offence rule

The bureau follow

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